Using cranes is complex and dangerous. Every year there are injuries and deaths from work involving cranes.
A crane is a plant item used to:
- raise or lower a load
- move a load horizontally.
Cranes can be:
- fixed (tower, bridge, gantry, portal boom and vessel-mounted)
- mobile (slewing, non-slewing and vehicle loading).
Some powered mobile plant, like telescopic handlers, can be used as cranes.
As a person conducting a business or undertaking, you have a duty to keep workers and your workplace safe from the risks of cranes. Everyone must work together to ensure cranes are both safe to use and used safely.
Choosing a crane
Choosing the right crane is not just important for getting the job done. It also affects worker safety.
Some cranes must be registered, and you need a high risk work licence to operate most.
Before you choose a crane, discuss your needs with suppliers. They can help you find the best crane for your workplace and the work.
These are some things to consider when choosing a crane:
- how old it is.
- how long you will keep it.
- how often you will use it.
- the conditions in which you will use the crane.
- the maximum loads the crane will bear.
- whether you need a crane only or you also need a trained and licensed crew.
Some of the things to look for on the crane include:
- safe access points – ladders, footholds, steps and grabs rails
- seat design – comfort and back support
- visibility – mirror, window and windscreen design
- environmental controls – temperature control units to avoid worker heat stress.
With any crane, you have work health and safety (WHS) duties and must identify and manage risks.