Carcinogens

A carcinogen is a substance or mixture that causes cancer.

Classifying chemicals

Classification is the systematic identification of a chemical’s hazards.

Crystalline silica and silicosis

Crystalline silica is found in sand, stone, concrete and mortar. When workers cut, crush, drill, polish, saw or grind products containing silica, dust particles are generated that are small enough to lodge deep in the lungs and cause illness or disease including silicosis.

Hazardous chemicals

Hazardous chemicals are substances, mixtures and articles that can pose a significant risk to health and safety if not managed correctly. Hazardous chemicals may have health hazards, physical hazards or both.

Lead

Lead is a heavy metal that can be found in workplaces that manufacture and dismantle batteries and use ammunition, and those that weld, solder and remove old paint. Workers in mining and foundries may also encounter lead. Exposure to lead can cause serious health effects including cancer, cardiovascular disease and damage to worker’s reproductive and nervous systems.

Lifting, pushing and pulling (manual handling)

If the risks associated with hazardous manual tasks are not eliminated or minimised they can cause significant and even irreversible injuries or disorders.

Noise

The model WHS Regulations, define the exposure standard for long term exposure to noise as the amount of sound energy, that is equivalent to a steady noise level of 85 decibels over an 8 hour shift. Whether this is exceeded depends on the level of noise involved and how long workers are exposed to it.

Registers, manifests and placards

A hazardous chemicals register is a list of hazardous chemicals at a workplace. A manifest is a written summary of hazardous chemicals with physical and acute toxicity hazards that are used, handled or stored at a workplace. Placards provide warnings about the stored hazardous chemicals and contain specific information for emergency service personnel.

Safe design

Safe design is about integrating hazard identification and risk assessment methods early in the design process to eliminate or minimise risks of injury throughout the life of the product (including buildings, structures, equipment and vehicles) being designed.

Sitting and standing

Prolonged sitting is associated with significant negative health outcomes, and is increasingly being recognised in the community as an important issue that needs attention.

Slips, trips and falls

Slips and trips result in thousands of injuries every year. The most common are musculoskeletal injuries, cuts, bruises, fractures and dislocations, but more serious injuries also happen.

Workplace exposure standards for chemicals

Exposure to substances or mixtures in the workplace can pose significant health risks to workers.

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