Hazard surveillance research https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/ en Australian Work Exposures Study: Asthmagens—Summary https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/doc/australian-work-exposures-study-asthmagens-summary <div class="node node--type-document node--view-mode-rss layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field-overview"> <div class="field__label">Overview</div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>The extended Australian Work Exposures Study (AWES–2) investigated self-reported work-related exposures to agents that cause or aggravate asthma. This summary describes the results of a national, population-based survey of Australian workers to examine the prevalence of exposures to asthmagens at work. </p> <h2>Audience</h2> <p>Work health and safety policy makers and practitioners, general audiences</p> <h2>Related materials</h2> <ul> <li><a href="/node/203">Hazard Surveillance research</a></li> </ul> <ul> <li>The estimated prevalence of exposure to asthmagens in the Australian workforce, 2014</li> </ul> <ul> <li>A comprehensive list of asthmagens to inform health interventions in the Australian workplace.</li> </ul> </div> <div class="field-downloads"> <h2 class="field__label">Downloads</h2> <div class="field field--name-field-document-info field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--document-info paragraph--view-mode--swa-document-first-item"> <ul class="document-tiles direct-dl-files row"> <li class="field field--name-field-file-information field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items col-sm-4"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--file-information paragraph--view-mode--swa-document-full-view"> <a href="/system/files/documents/1702/australian-work-exposure-study-asthmagens.docx" title="australian-work-exposure-study-asthmagens.docx" class="tile type-docx"><div class="document-icon"></div> <p class="link-type"><span class="visually-hidden">australian-work-exposure-study-asthmagens.docx</span> DOCX</p> <p class="file-size">60.28 KB</p> <div class="file-meta"></div> </a> </div> </div> </li> <li class="field field--name-field-file-information field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items col-sm-4"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--file-information paragraph--view-mode--swa-document-full-view"> <a href="/system/files/documents/1702/australian-work-exposure-study-asthmagens.pdf" title="australian-work-exposure-study-asthmagens.pdf" class="tile type-pdf"><div class="document-icon"></div> <p class="link-type"><span class="visually-hidden">australian-work-exposure-study-asthmagens.pdf</span> PDF</p> <p class="file-size">337.23 KB</p> <div class="file-meta"></div> </a> </div> </div> </li> </ul> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Publication date</div> <div class="field__item"><time datetime="2016-08-12T12:00:00Z" class="datetime">12 Aug 2016</time> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-document-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Document type</div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/170" hreflang="en">Reports</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-category field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Tag by Category</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/24" hreflang="en">Health and wellbeing</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/28" hreflang="en">Research and studies</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-tag-by-topic field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Tag by Topic</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/34" hreflang="en">Biological hazards</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/55" hreflang="en">Disease and illness</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/82" hreflang="en">Hazard surveillance research</a></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> Thu, 19 Mar 2020 11:13:53 +0000 Hazard surveillance research Australian Work Exposure Study (AWES) - Carcinogen Exposures Construction Industry https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/doc/australian-work-exposure-study-awes-carcinogen-exposures-construction-industry <div class="node node--type-document node--view-mode-rss layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field-overview"> <div class="field__label">Overview</div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>A random, population-based sample of 5528 Australian workers participated in the Australian Work Exposure Study (AWES). Workers answered questions about the tasks they completed and the controls used at work. Based on their responses to those questions, the likelihood of exposure to 38 known or suspected carcinogens was estimated.</p> <p>The AWES focused on the most common tasks performed at work. Workers were not asked directly about their exposures to carcinogens and exposure levels were not measured in the workplace.</p> <p>This report describes the responses provided by 459 AWES participants categorised as working in the construction industry. It also outlines existing materials that provide information about health effects, common exposure scenarios and options for preventing or minimising potential exposures to carcinogens.</p> </div> <div class="field-downloads"> <h2 class="field__label">Downloads</h2> <div class="field field--name-field-document-info field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--document-info paragraph--view-mode--swa-document-first-item"> <ul class="document-tiles direct-dl-files row"> <li class="field field--name-field-file-information field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items col-sm-4"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--file-information paragraph--view-mode--swa-document-full-view"> <a href="/system/files/documents/1702/awes_-_carcinogen_exposures_in_the_construction_industry.docx" title="awes_-_carcinogen_exposures_in_the_construction_industry.docx" class="tile type-docx"><div class="document-icon"></div> <p class="link-type"><span class="visually-hidden">awes_-_carcinogen_exposures_in_the_construction_industry.docx</span> DOCX</p> <p class="file-size">1.09 MB</p> <div class="file-meta"> <div class="field field--name-field-isbn field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">ISBN</div> <div class="field__item">978-1-76028-673-6</div> </div> </div> </a> </div> </div> </li> <li class="field field--name-field-file-information field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items col-sm-4"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--file-information paragraph--view-mode--swa-document-full-view"> <a href="/system/files/documents/1702/awes_-_carcinogen_exposures_in_the_construction_industry.pdf" title="awes_-_carcinogen_exposures_in_the_construction_industry.pdf" class="tile type-pdf"><div class="document-icon"></div> <p class="link-type"><span class="visually-hidden">awes_-_carcinogen_exposures_in_the_construction_industry.pdf</span> PDF</p> <p class="file-size">1.61 MB</p> <div class="file-meta"> <div class="field field--name-field-isbn field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">ISBN</div> <div class="field__item">978-1-76028-673-6</div> </div> </div> </a> </div> </div> </li> </ul> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Publication date</div> <div class="field__item"><time datetime="2016-05-11T12:00:00Z" class="datetime">11 May 2016</time> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-document-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Document type</div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/170" hreflang="en">Reports</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-category field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Tag by Category</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/23" hreflang="en">Hazardous chemicals</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/28" hreflang="en">Research and studies</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/29" hreflang="en">Safety by industry and business</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-tag-by-topic field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Tag by Topic</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/43" hreflang="en">Carcinogens</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/82" hreflang="en">Hazard surveillance research</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/85" hreflang="en">Hazardous chemicals</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-industry-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Tag by Industry &amp; Business</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/730" hreflang="en">Construction</a></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> Thu, 19 Mar 2020 11:13:53 +0000 Hazard surveillance research Research Brief - Exposure to multiple hazards among Australian workers https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/doc/research-brief-exposure-multiple-hazards-among-australian-workers <div class="node node--type-document node--view-mode-rss layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field-overview"> <div class="field__label">Overview</div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><h2>The issue</h2> <p>We know little about Australian workers’ exposure to multiple disease causing hazards in their workplaces.</p> <h2>The Study</h2> <p>This study summarises the findings from the 2008 National Hazard Exposure Worker Surveillance (NHEWS) survey of 4500 workers across Australia. It oversampled workers from the five priority industries for work health and safety under the National OHS Strategy 2002–2012. Workers were asked about their exposure to a number of occupational disease-causing hazards and the provision of control measures. The nine hazards examined in this study were: noise, vibration, airborne hazards, sun, skin contact with chemicals, wet work, biological materials, biomechanical demands and job demands. Eight reports on individual hazards from the NHEWS survey have been published on the Safe Work Australia website. The current study looked at exposure to multiple hazards.</p> <h2>Main Findings</h2> <p>Over 60 per cent of workers reported that they were exposed to multiple disease-causing hazards in their workplaces.</p> <p>On average, workers reported exposure to 2.6 hazards. However, males reported exposure to an average of 3.0 hazards while females reported exposure to 2.1 hazards. Technicians &amp; trades workers and workers in the Agriculture, forestry &amp; fishing industry had the highest average self- reported exposure to hazards, 3.8 and 3.7 hazards respectively. These findings partly reflect that most of the hazards included in the NHEWS survey were hazards found in male dominated, blue collar occupations. The average number of hazard exposures also declined with age.</p> <p>One in ten workers reported exposure to six or more hazards. The proportions of workers with exposure to six of more hazards differed by industry and occupation (Figure 1).</p> <p>We also looked at co-exposure to noise and vibration and co-exposure to airborne hazards and skin contact with chemicals. For both types of exposures, the likelihood of exposure varied by age, gender, working hours, industry and occupation. Type of education was a predictor of co-exposure to noise and vibration but not for co-exposure to airborne hazards and chemicals. Workplace size was a predictor of co-exposure to airborne hazards and chemicals.</p> <p>About 8 per cent of workers with co-exposure to noise and vibration and 4 per cent of workers with co-exposure to airborne hazards and chemicals reported that they were not provided with any control measures for these hazards.</p> <p>Figure 1. Percentage of workers reporting exposure to six or more hazards in the NHEWS survey by industry and occupation (only top 8 industries presented)</p> <p><img alt="Figure 1 Percentage of workers reporting exposure to six or more hazards in the NHEWS survey by industry and occupation" src="/sites/SWA/about/Publications/PublishingImages/brief-exposure-figure.jpg" /></p> <h2>Key Messages</h2> <p>Self-reported exposure to multiple hazards was common. This highlights the need to consider the whole range of potential hazards in the workplace when conducting risk assessment and risk management activities.</p> <p>Young workers were more likely to be exposed to multiple disease-causing hazards. Younger workers with higher exposures were not limited to those in lower skilled jobs. This suggests that younger workers may be assigned to tasks with higher exposures as found in other studies and highlights the importance of equipping young workers with the skills and knowledge to protect themselves at work.</p> <p>An executive summary and the full report from which this brief is drawn from can be found at Safe Work Australia website.</p> </div> <div class="field-downloads"> <h2 class="field__label">Downloads</h2> <div class="field field--name-field-document-info field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--document-info paragraph--view-mode--swa-document-first-item"> <ul class="document-tiles direct-dl-files row"> <li class="field field--name-field-file-information field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items col-sm-4"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--file-information paragraph--view-mode--swa-document-full-view"> <a href="/system/files/documents/1702/exposure-to-multiple-hazards-research-brief.pdf" title="exposure-to-multiple-hazards-research-brief.pdf" class="tile type-pdf"><div class="document-icon"></div> <p class="link-type"><span class="visually-hidden">exposure-to-multiple-hazards-research-brief.pdf</span> PDF</p> <p class="file-size">163.35 KB</p> <div class="file-meta"></div> </a> </div> </div> </li> </ul> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Publication date</div> <div class="field__item"><time datetime="2015-02-10T12:00:00Z" class="datetime">10 Feb 2015</time> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-document-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Document type</div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/170" hreflang="en">Reports</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-category field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Tag by Category</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/28" hreflang="en">Research and studies</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-tag-by-topic field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Tag by Topic</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/82" hreflang="en">Hazard surveillance research</a></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> Thu, 19 Mar 2020 11:13:53 +0000 Hazard surveillance research Exposure to multiple hazards among Australian workers https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/doc/exposure-multiple-hazards-among-australian-workers <div class="node node--type-document node--view-mode-rss layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field-overview"> <div class="field__label">Overview</div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>This report summarises the research findings for self-reported exposure to multiple hazards from the 2008 National Hazard Exposure Worker Surveillance (NHEWS) Survey. A total of 4500 workers participated in the NHEWS survey. The report focuses on the prevalence of self-reported exposure to multiple hazards and examines different types of multiple exposures such as the average number of hazards workers reported exposure to and co-exposure to noise and vibration. It also identifies patterns of self-reported exposure to multiple hazards in terms of demographic, employment and workplace characteristics. This report complements research reports on individual hazards from the NHEWS survey that have already been published on the Safe Work Australia web site.</p> <p>This research report has been written to inform the development of work health and safety policies to reduce exposure to hazards in Australian workplaces. The views and conclusions expressed in this report do not necessarily reflect the views of Safe Work Australia members.</p> <h2>Related materials</h2> <p><a href="/node/1181">Research Brief - Exposure to multiple hazards among Australian workers</a></p> </div> <div class="field-downloads"> <h2 class="field__label">Downloads</h2> <div class="field field--name-field-document-info field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--document-info paragraph--view-mode--swa-document-first-item"> <ul class="document-tiles direct-dl-files row"> <li class="field field--name-field-file-information field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items col-sm-4"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--file-information paragraph--view-mode--swa-document-full-view"> <a href="/system/files/documents/1702/exposure-to-multiple-hazards-report.docx" title="exposure-to-multiple-hazards-report.docx" class="tile type-docx"><div class="document-icon"></div> <p class="link-type"><span class="visually-hidden">exposure-to-multiple-hazards-report.docx</span> DOCX</p> <p class="file-size">256.35 KB</p> <div class="file-meta"> <div class="field field--name-field-isbn field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">ISBN</div> <div class="field__item">978-1-74361-968-1</div> </div> </div> </a> </div> </div> </li> <li class="field field--name-field-file-information field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items col-sm-4"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--file-information paragraph--view-mode--swa-document-full-view"> <a href="/system/files/documents/1702/exposure-to-multiple-hazards-report.pdf" title="exposure-to-multiple-hazards-report.pdf" class="tile type-pdf"><div class="document-icon"></div> <p class="link-type"><span class="visually-hidden">exposure-to-multiple-hazards-report.pdf</span> PDF</p> <p class="file-size">1.46 MB</p> <div class="file-meta"> <div class="field field--name-field-isbn field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">ISBN</div> <div class="field__item">978-1-74361-968-1</div> </div> </div> </a> </div> </div> </li> </ul> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Publication date</div> <div class="field__item"><time datetime="2015-02-10T12:00:00Z" class="datetime">10 Feb 2015</time> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-document-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Document type</div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/170" hreflang="en">Reports</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-category field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Tag by Category</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/28" hreflang="en">Research and studies</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-tag-by-topic field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Tag by Topic</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/82" hreflang="en">Hazard surveillance research</a></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> Thu, 19 Mar 2020 11:13:53 +0000 Hazard surveillance research Research Brief - Australian Work Exposures Study (AWES) - Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/doc/research-brief-australian-work-exposures-study-awes-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-pahs <div class="node node--type-document node--view-mode-rss layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field-overview"> <div class="field__label">Overview</div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><h2>The issue</h2> <p>Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a group of chemical compounds formed during the incomplete combustion of organic material. Some PAHs are considered to be carcinogens by the International Agency for Research on Cancer but limited information is available on exposures to PAHs in Australian workplaces.</p> <h2>The study</h2> <p>The Australian Work Exposures Study (AWES) asked 5023 about common work tasks which could expose them to carcinogens. The AWES data were analysed to provide specific information on exposures to PAHs.</p> <h2>Who was exposed?</h2> <p>About six per cent of workers who participated in the AWES were likely to be exposed to PAHs at work. About forty percent of these workers worked in the Agriculture industry.</p> <p><strong>Table: Occupations of AWES respondents likely to be exposed to PAHs</strong></p> <table summary="A total of 297 AWES respondents were likely to be exposed to PAHs. They included 99 managers (33.3% of all workers likely to be exposed), 68 technicians or trade workers (23%), 43 community and personal services workers (15%), 38 professionals (13%), 30 labourers (10%) and 17 machinery operators or drivers (6%)."> <thead> <tr> <td><br /> Occupation</td> <td> <p>Number</p> </td> <td> <p>Per cent</p> </td> </tr> </thead> <tbody> <tr> <td>Managers</td> <td>99</td> <td>33.3</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Professionals</td> <td>38</td> <td>12.8</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Technicians and trades workers</td> <td>68</td> <td>22.9</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Community and personal service workers</td> <td>43</td> <td>14.5</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Machinery operators and drivers</td> <td>17</td> <td>5.7</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Labourers</td> <td>30</td> <td>10.1</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Total</td> <td>297</td> <td>100.0</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p>Note: Numbers do not add to the total (nor percentages to 100) because respondents from occupation categories with less than three workers or whose occupation could not be determined are not shown.</p> <p>Based on AWES results about 675 000 Australian workers might be exposed to PAHs when performing common work activities.</p> <h2 tabindex="-1">What tasks were they doing?</h2> <p>The main tasks associated with likely exposures were burning waste, repairing combustion engine powered equipment, cleaning out ash from fire sites, health workers exposed to diathermy smoke (smoke arising from cauterisation during surgery), cooking, and fighting fires and fire overhaul and clean-up.</p> <h2 tabindex="-1">What were the exposure assessments?</h2> <ul> <li>Exposure levels were assessed as being high or medium for about two thirds of reported tasks.</li> <li>Exposures to PAHs were considered to be high during activities like fire fighting, back-burning, burning waste, or clearing ash.</li> <li>Exposures to PAHs when repairing power mowers or other equipment were considered to be medium.</li> <li>Exposures to smoke from cauterisation, cooking, or welding coated metals were considered to be low.</li> </ul> <h2 tabindex="-1">Limitations</h2> <p>Because the AWES is a population-based survey it only provides information on relatively common activities. Not included in the study sample are tasks undertaken by small numbers of people or less common occupations viewed as having high PAH exposure such as manufacturing of timber products.</p> <h2 tabindex="-1">Key messages</h2> <p>Most workers exposed to PAHs will not develop cancer from these exposures but they have an increased risk of doing so.</p> <p>Many exposures to PAHs are preventable. Preventative efforts should focus on encouraging employers and workers to use effective ventilation and suitable personal protective equipment when:</p> <ul> <li>burning wastes</li> <li>cleaning out ash from fire sites or furnaces</li> <li>fighting fires or back burning, or</li> <li>repairing motors.</li> </ul> <h2 tabindex="-1">More information</h2> <p>An executive summary and the full report which this brief is drawn from can be found at <a href="/node/1171">Australian Work Exposures Study (AWES) - Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) report</a> webpage.</p> </div> <div class="field-downloads"> <h2 class="field__label">Downloads</h2> <div class="field field--name-field-document-info field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--document-info paragraph--view-mode--swa-document-first-item"> <ul class="document-tiles direct-dl-files row"> <li class="field field--name-field-file-information field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items col-sm-4"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--file-information paragraph--view-mode--swa-document-full-view"> <a href="/system/files/documents/1702/research-brief-awes-pahs.pdf" title="research-brief-awes-pahs.pdf" class="tile type-pdf"><div class="document-icon"></div> <p class="link-type"><span class="visually-hidden">research-brief-awes-pahs.pdf</span> PDF</p> <p class="file-size">135.06 KB</p> <div class="file-meta"></div> </a> </div> </div> </li> </ul> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Publication date</div> <div class="field__item"><time datetime="2014-11-21T12:00:00Z" class="datetime">21 Nov 2014</time> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-document-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Document type</div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/170" hreflang="en">Reports</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-category field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Tag by Category</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/23" hreflang="en">Hazardous chemicals</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/28" hreflang="en">Research and studies</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-tag-by-topic field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Tag by Topic</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/43" hreflang="en">Carcinogens</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/82" hreflang="en">Hazard surveillance research</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/85" hreflang="en">Hazardous chemicals</a></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> Thu, 19 Mar 2020 11:13:53 +0000 Hazard surveillance research Australian Work Exposures Study (AWES) - Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/doc/australian-work-exposures-study-awes-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-pahs <div class="node node--type-document node--view-mode-rss layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field-overview"> <div class="field__label">Overview</div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>The Australian Work Exposures Study (AWES) was a national survey conducted by the Western Australian Institute of Medical Research (WAIMR) in 2011–12 that investigated work-related exposures among Australian workers to 38 known or suspected carcinogens.</p> <p>Some polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are classified as a known or suspected human carcinogens by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and the work described in this report prepared by Elmatom Pty Ltd uses AWES data to:</p> <ul> <li>estimate the prevalence of work-related exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons during relatively common workplace activities</li> <li>identify the main circumstances of those exposures, and</li> <li>identify the use of workplace control measures designed to decrease those exposures.</li> </ul> <p>This report describes those exposures that occur when typical work activities are carried out by Australian workers—it does not specifically focus on industries suspected of high exposures to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.</p> <p>This report has been written to inform public debate and the development of work health and safety policy.</p> <h2>Related materials</h2> <p>This <a href="/node/1172">Research Brief</a> provides a summary of key findings from the report Australian Work Exposures Study (AWES): Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs).</p> </div> <div class="field-downloads"> <h2 class="field__label">Downloads</h2> <div class="field field--name-field-document-info field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--document-info paragraph--view-mode--swa-document-first-item"> <ul class="document-tiles direct-dl-files row"> <li class="field field--name-field-file-information field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items col-sm-4"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--file-information paragraph--view-mode--swa-document-full-view"> <a href="/system/files/documents/1702/research-report-awes-pahs.pdf" title="research-report-awes-pahs.pdf" class="tile type-pdf"><div class="document-icon"></div> <p class="link-type"><span class="visually-hidden">research-report-awes-pahs.pdf</span> PDF</p> <p class="file-size">446.94 KB</p> <div class="file-meta"> <div class="field field--name-field-isbn field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">ISBN</div> <div class="field__item">978-1-74361-900-1</div> </div> </div> </a> </div> </div> </li> <li class="field field--name-field-file-information field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items col-sm-4"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--file-information paragraph--view-mode--swa-document-full-view"> <a href="/system/files/documents/1702/research-report-pahs.docx" title="research-report-pahs.docx" class="tile type-docx"><div class="document-icon"></div> <p class="link-type"><span class="visually-hidden">research-report-pahs.docx</span> DOCX</p> <p class="file-size">143.45 KB</p> <div class="file-meta"> <div class="field field--name-field-isbn field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">ISBN</div> <div class="field__item">978-1-74361-900-1</div> </div> </div> </a> </div> </div> </li> </ul> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Publication date</div> <div class="field__item"><time datetime="2014-11-21T12:00:00Z" class="datetime">21 Nov 2014</time> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-document-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Document type</div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/170" hreflang="en">Reports</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-category field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Tag by Category</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/23" hreflang="en">Hazardous chemicals</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/28" hreflang="en">Research and studies</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-tag-by-topic field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Tag by Topic</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/43" hreflang="en">Carcinogens</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/82" hreflang="en">Hazard surveillance research</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/85" hreflang="en">Hazardous chemicals</a></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> Thu, 19 Mar 2020 11:13:53 +0000 Hazard surveillance research Research Brief - Australian Work Exposures Study (AWES) - Formaldehyde https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/doc/research-brief-australian-work-exposures-study-awes-formaldehyde <div class="node node--type-document node--view-mode-rss layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field-overview"> <div class="field__label">Overview</div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><h2>The issue</h2> <p>Formaldehyde is considered to be a carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer but limited information is available on exposures to formaldehyde in Australian workplaces.</p> <h2>The study</h2> <p>The Australian Work Exposures Study (AWES) asked 5023 workers about common work tasks which could expose them to carcinogens. The AWES data were analysed to provide specific information on exposures to formaldehyde.</p> <h2>Who was exposed?</h2> <p>About three per cent of workers who participated in the AWES were likely to be exposed to formaldehyde at work. About half of these workers were employed in the Construction industry and more than half were technicians and trades persons.</p> <p>Table: Occupations of AWES respondents likely to be exposed to formaldehyde</p> <table summary="A total of 124 AWES respondents were likely to be exposed to formaldehyde. They included 67 technicians or trade workers (54% of all workers likely to be exposed), 25 community and personal services workers (20%) and 19 labourers (15%). The remaing 13 respondents (11%) worked as professionals or other occupations."> <thead> <tr> <td>Occupation</td> <td>Number</td> <td> <p>Per cent</p> </td> </tr> </thead> <tbody> <tr> <td>Professionals</td> <td>10</td> <td>8.1</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Technicians and trades workers</td> <td>67</td> <td>54.0</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Community and personal service workers</td> <td>25</td> <td>20.2</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Labourers</td> <td>19</td> <td>15.3</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Other</td> <td>3</td> <td>2.4</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Total</td> <td>124</td> <td>100.0</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p>Based on AWES results about 235 000 Australian workers might be exposed to formaldehyde when performing common work activities.</p> <h2>What tasks were they doing?</h2> <p>The main tasks associated with likely exposures were working with particle board, firefighting; cleaning up or sifting through the remains of a fire; sanding prior to painting; sterilising medical equipment; manicuring; and working in a pathology laboratory.</p> <h2>What were the exposure assessments?</h2> <p>Exposure levels were assessed as being medium or low for almost all tasks except for sterilising medical equipment. Exposures were assessed as medium if medical equipment was sterilised in an auto clave but exposures were assessed as high if open systems were used.</p> <h2>How were workers preventing exposures?</h2> <p>Information on the use of controls to prevent exposures was not collected from all respondents. About 61% of respondents from whom this information was collected reported regularly using respiratory protection or working in areas with area or local exhaust ventilation. However, paper masks used by some respondents may not have been adequate to protect against all potential formaldehyde exposures.</p> <p>Only about 40% of carpenters who use power tools when working with particle board were considered to use control measures appropriately when the type of ventilation or respiratory protection and the frequency of use was considered.</p> <h2 tabindex="-1">Limitations</h2> <p>The AWES is a population-based survey which does not specifically examine workers in industries like formaldehyde-based resin manufacturing or particle board manufacturing where some exposures might be high.</p> <h2 tabindex="-1">Key messages</h2> <p>Most workers exposed to formaldehyde will not develop cancer from these exposures but they have an increased risk of doing so.<br /> Many exposures to formaldehyde can be prevented using controls to prevent exposures like:</p> <ul> <li>installing and using ventilation systems where practicable, and</li> <li>using power tools fitted with ‘on-tool’ dust and vapour extraction systems when working with particle board or plywood.</li> </ul> <p>Preventative efforts should initially focus on encouraging employers and workers to use simple, readily available controls to prevent workplace exposures.</p> <h2 tabindex="-1">More information</h2> <p>An executive summary and the full report which this brief is drawn from can be found at <a href="/node/1167">Australian Work Exposures Study (AWES) - Formaldehyde report</a> webpage.</p> </div> <div class="field-downloads"> <h2 class="field__label">Downloads</h2> <div class="field field--name-field-document-info field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--document-info paragraph--view-mode--swa-document-first-item"> <ul class="document-tiles direct-dl-files row"> <li class="field field--name-field-file-information field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items col-sm-4"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--file-information paragraph--view-mode--swa-document-full-view"> <a href="/system/files/documents/1702/research-brief-awes-formaldehyde.pdf" title="research-brief-awes-formaldehyde.pdf" class="tile type-pdf"><div class="document-icon"></div> <p class="link-type"><span class="visually-hidden">research-brief-awes-formaldehyde.pdf</span> PDF</p> <p class="file-size">172.32 KB</p> <div class="file-meta"></div> </a> </div> </div> </li> </ul> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Publication date</div> <div class="field__item"><time datetime="2014-11-21T12:00:00Z" class="datetime">21 Nov 2014</time> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-document-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Document type</div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/170" hreflang="en">Reports</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-category field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Tag by Category</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/23" hreflang="en">Hazardous chemicals</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/28" hreflang="en">Research and studies</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-tag-by-topic field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Tag by Topic</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/43" hreflang="en">Carcinogens</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/82" hreflang="en">Hazard surveillance research</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/85" hreflang="en">Hazardous chemicals</a></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> Thu, 19 Mar 2020 11:13:53 +0000 Hazard surveillance research Australian Work Exposures Study (AWES) - Formaldehyde https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/doc/australian-work-exposures-study-awes-formaldehyde <div class="node node--type-document node--view-mode-rss layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field-overview"> <div class="field__label">Overview</div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>The Australian Work Exposures Study (AWES) was a national survey conducted by the Western Australian Institute of Medical Research (WAIMR) in 2011–12 that investigated work-related exposures among Australian workers to 38 known or suspected carcinogens.</p> <p>Formaldehyde is classified as a known human carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and the work described in this report prepared by Elmatom Pty Ltd uses AWES data to:</p> <ul> <li>estimate the prevalence of work-related exposure to formaldehyde during relatively common workplace activities</li> <li>identify the main circumstances of those exposures, and</li> <li>identify the use of workplace control measures designed to decrease those exposures.</li> </ul> <p>This report describes those exposures that occur when typical work activities are carried out by Australian workers - it does not specifically focus on industries suspected of high formaldehyde exposure.</p> <p>This report has been written to inform public debate and the development of work health and safety policy.</p> <h2>Related materials</h2> <p>This <a href="/node/1170">Research Brief</a> provides a summary of key findings from the report Australian Work Exposures Study (AWES): Formaldehyde.</p> </div> <div class="field-downloads"> <h2 class="field__label">Downloads</h2> <div class="field field--name-field-document-info field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--document-info paragraph--view-mode--swa-document-first-item"> <ul class="document-tiles direct-dl-files row"> <li class="field field--name-field-file-information field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items col-sm-4"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--file-information paragraph--view-mode--swa-document-full-view"> <a href="/system/files/documents/1702/research-report-awes-formaldehyde.docx" title="research-report-awes-formaldehyde.docx" class="tile type-docx"><div class="document-icon"></div> <p class="link-type"><span class="visually-hidden">research-report-awes-formaldehyde.docx</span> DOCX</p> <p class="file-size">134.78 KB</p> <div class="file-meta"> <div class="field field--name-field-isbn field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">ISBN</div> <div class="field__item">978-1-74361-902-5</div> </div> </div> </a> </div> </div> </li> <li class="field field--name-field-file-information field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items col-sm-4"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--file-information paragraph--view-mode--swa-document-full-view"> <a href="/system/files/documents/1702/research-report-awes-formaldehyde.pdf" title="research-report-awes-formaldehyde.pdf" class="tile type-pdf"><div class="document-icon"></div> <p class="link-type"><span class="visually-hidden">research-report-awes-formaldehyde.pdf</span> PDF</p> <p class="file-size">454.39 KB</p> <div class="file-meta"> <div class="field field--name-field-isbn field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">ISBN</div> <div class="field__item">978-1-74361-902-5</div> </div> </div> </a> </div> </div> </li> </ul> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Publication date</div> <div class="field__item"><time datetime="2014-11-21T12:00:00Z" class="datetime">21 Nov 2014</time> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-document-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Document type</div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/170" hreflang="en">Reports</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-category field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Tag by Category</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/23" hreflang="en">Hazardous chemicals</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/28" hreflang="en">Research and studies</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-tag-by-topic field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Tag by Topic</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/43" hreflang="en">Carcinogens</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/82" hreflang="en">Hazard surveillance research</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/85" hreflang="en">Hazardous chemicals</a></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> Thu, 19 Mar 2020 11:13:53 +0000 Hazard surveillance research Research Brief - Australian Work Exposures Study (AWES) - Lead and lead compounds https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/doc/research-brief-australian-work-exposures-study-awes-lead-and-lead-compounds <div class="node node--type-document node--view-mode-rss layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field-overview"> <div class="field__label">Overview</div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><h2>The issue</h2> <p>Some lead compounds are considered to be carcinogens but limited information is available on exposures to lead in Australian workplaces.</p> <h2>The study</h2> <p>The Australian Work Exposures Study (AWES) asked 5023 workers about common work tasks which could expose them to carcinogens. The AWES data were analysed to provide information on exposures to lead and lead compounds.</p> <h2>Who was exposed?</h2> <p>About six per cent of workers who participated in the AWES were likely to be exposed to lead at work. About half of these workers were employed in the construction industry and more than half were technicians and trades persons.</p> <p>Table: Occupations of AWES respondents likely to be exposed to lead</p> <table summary="A total of 307 AWES respondents were likely to be exposed to lead and lead compounds. They included 165 technicians and trade workers (54% of all workers likely to be exposed), 40 labourers (13%), 38 managers (12%) and 30 community and personal services workers (10%). The remaing 34 respondents (11%) worked as professionals or in other occupations."> <thead> <tr> <td>Occupation</td> <td>Number</td> <td>Per cent</td> </tr> </thead> <tbody> <tr> <td>Managers</td> <td>38</td> <td>12.4</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Professionals</td> <td>17</td> <td>5.5</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Technicians and trades workers</td> <td>165</td> <td>53.7</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Community and personal service workers</td> <td>30</td> <td>9.8</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Clerical and administrative workers</td> <td>2</td> <td>0.7</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Sales workers</td> <td>2</td> <td>0.7</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Machinery operators and drivers</td> <td>12</td> <td>3.9</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Labourers</td> <td>40</td> <td>13.0</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Total</td> <td>307</td> <td>100.0</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p>Based on AWES results about 660 000 Australian workers might be exposed to lead when performing common work activities.</p> <h2>What tasks were they doing?</h2> <p>The main tasks associated with likely exposures were soldering; painting old houses, ships or bridges; plumbing work; cleaning up or sifting through the remains of a fire; radiator repair work; machining metals or alloys containing lead; mining; and welding leaded steel. Some exposed workers worked at or used indoor firing ranges.</p> <h2>What were the exposure assessments?</h2> <p>Exposure levels were assessed as being high or medium for most tasks. Exposures during soldering activities and sanding or stripping old lead paint before painting were considered high because controls like ventilation or respiratory protective equipment were reported as not being used.<br /> Exposures when plumbing, fire-fighting or machining lead-plated metals or lead alloys should be low when controls are used but control use was not always reported.<br /> Exposures when repairing radiators or during mining operations were considered high but information on the use of controls was not available.</p> <h2>Limitations</h2> <p>The AWES is a population-based survey which does not specifically examine workers in industries like battery recycling or lead smelting where exposures are likely to be high.</p> <h2>Key messages</h2> <p>Most workers exposed to lead will not develop cancer from these exposures but they have an increased risk of doing so.<br /> Many of the reported exposures to lead can be prevented using lead-free alternatives and known controls to prevent exposures to lead like:</p> <ul> <li>using soldering booths or ventilation when soldering, or</li> <li>using power sanders fitted with dust collectors when sanding.</li> </ul> <p>Preventative efforts should initially focus on encouraging employers and workers to use simple, readily available controls to prevent workplace exposures.</p> <h2>More information</h2> <p>An executive summary and the full report which this brief is drawn from can be found at <a href="/sites/swa/about/publications/pages/awes-lead-and-lead-compounds">Australian Work Exposures Study (AWES) - Lead and lead compounds report</a> webpage.</p> </div> <div class="field-downloads"> <h2 class="field__label">Downloads</h2> <div class="field field--name-field-document-info field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--document-info paragraph--view-mode--swa-document-first-item"> <ul class="document-tiles direct-dl-files row"> <li class="field field--name-field-file-information field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items col-sm-4"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--file-information paragraph--view-mode--swa-document-full-view"> <a href="/system/files/documents/1702/research-brief-awes-lead.pdf" title="research-brief-awes-lead.pdf" class="tile type-pdf"><div class="document-icon"></div> <p class="link-type"><span class="visually-hidden">research-brief-awes-lead.pdf</span> PDF</p> <p class="file-size">133.58 KB</p> <div class="file-meta"></div> </a> </div> </div> </li> </ul> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Publication date</div> <div class="field__item"><time datetime="2014-11-21T12:00:00Z" class="datetime">21 Nov 2014</time> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-document-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Document type</div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/170" hreflang="en">Reports</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-category field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Tag by Category</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/23" hreflang="en">Hazardous chemicals</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/28" hreflang="en">Research and studies</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-tag-by-topic field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Tag by Topic</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/43" hreflang="en">Carcinogens</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/82" hreflang="en">Hazard surveillance research</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/85" hreflang="en">Hazardous chemicals</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/105" hreflang="en">Lead</a></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> Thu, 19 Mar 2020 11:13:53 +0000 Hazard surveillance research Australian Work Exposures Study (AWES) - Lead and lead compounds https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/doc/australian-work-exposures-study-awes-lead-and-lead-compounds <div class="node node--type-document node--view-mode-rss layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field-overview"> <div class="field__label">Overview</div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>The Australian Work Exposures Study (AWES) was a national survey conducted by the Western Australian Institute of Medical Research (WAIMR) in 2011–12 that investigated work-related exposures among Australian workers to 38 known or suspected carcinogens.</p> <p>Some forms of lead are considered to be probable carcinogens and the work described in this report prepared by Elmatom Pty Ltd uses AWES data to:</p> <ul> <li>estimate the prevalence of work-related exposure to lead during relatively common workplace activities</li> <li>identify the main circumstances of those exposures, and</li> <li>identify the use of workplace control measures designed to decrease those exposures.</li> </ul> <p>This report describes exposures that occur when typical work activities are carried out by Australian workers—it does not specifically focus on high risk lead work or ‘lead’ industries.<br /> This report has been written to inform public debate and the development of work health and safety policy.</p> <h2>Related materials</h2> <p>This <a href="/node/1168">Research Brief</a> provides a summary of key findings from the report Australian Work Exposures Study (AWES): Lead and lead compounds.</p> </div> <div class="field-downloads"> <h2 class="field__label">Downloads</h2> <div class="field field--name-field-document-info field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--document-info paragraph--view-mode--swa-document-first-item"> <ul class="document-tiles direct-dl-files row"> <li class="field field--name-field-file-information field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items col-sm-4"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--file-information paragraph--view-mode--swa-document-full-view"> <a href="/system/files/documents/1702/research-report-aews-lead.docx" title="research-report-aews-lead.docx" class="tile type-docx"><div class="document-icon"></div> <p class="link-type"><span class="visually-hidden">research-report-aews-lead.docx</span> DOCX</p> <p class="file-size">143.29 KB</p> <div class="file-meta"> <div class="field field--name-field-isbn field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">ISBN</div> <div class="field__item">978-1-74361-904-9</div> </div> </div> </a> </div> </div> </li> <li class="field field--name-field-file-information field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items col-sm-4"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--file-information paragraph--view-mode--swa-document-full-view"> <a href="/system/files/documents/1702/research-report-awes-lead.pdf" title="research-report-awes-lead.pdf" class="tile type-pdf"><div class="document-icon"></div> <p class="link-type"><span class="visually-hidden">research-report-awes-lead.pdf</span> PDF</p> <p class="file-size">424.98 KB</p> <div class="file-meta"> <div class="field field--name-field-isbn field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">ISBN</div> <div class="field__item">978-1-74361-904-9</div> </div> </div> </a> </div> </div> </li> </ul> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Publication date</div> <div class="field__item"><time datetime="2014-11-21T12:00:00Z" class="datetime">21 Nov 2014</time> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-document-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Document type</div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/170" hreflang="en">Reports</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-category field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Tag by Category</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/23" hreflang="en">Hazardous chemicals</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/28" hreflang="en">Research and studies</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-tag-by-topic field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Tag by Topic</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/43" hreflang="en">Carcinogens</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/82" hreflang="en">Hazard surveillance research</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/85" hreflang="en">Hazardous chemicals</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/105" hreflang="en">Lead</a></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> Thu, 19 Mar 2020 11:13:53 +0000 Hazard surveillance research