Site Information and assistance

Serious claims: Type

Information about injuries and diseases of claimants is coded using the Type of Occurrence Classification System, Third Edition, Revision 1. The classification system is used to code the injury or diseases:

  • nature
  • bodily location
  • mechanism
  • breakdown agency
  • agency.

Nature of injury or disease

The nature of injury or disease classification provides the framework for coding the most serious injury or disease experienced by an employee.

In 2014–15 injury and musculoskeletal disorders led to 90% of serious claims and the most common were traumatic joint/ligament and muscle/tendon injuries (43.8%). Diseases led to 10% of serious claims and the most common were mental disorders (5.7%).

Number and percentage of serious claims by nature of injury or disease and sex, 2014–15p

Nature of injury or disease Number of serious claims Percentage of serious claims
Male Female Total Male Female Total
Injury and musculoskeletal disorders
Traumatic joint/ligament and muscle/tendon injury 29,510 17,490 47,005 42.9% 45.4% 43.8%
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue diseases 10,280 6,885 17,170 14.9% 17.9% 16.0%
Wounds, lacerations, amputations and internal organ damage 12,010 3,995 16,005 17.4% 10.4% 14.9%
Fractures 7,335 3,375 10,710 10.7% 8.8% 10.0%
Other injuries 1,975 1,005 2,980 2.9% 2.6% 2.8%
Burn 1,085 585 1,670 1.6% 1.5% 1.6%
Intra cranial injuries 385 305 690 0.6% 0.8% 0.6%
Injury to nerves and spinal cord 105 40 150 0.2% 0.1% 0.1%
Total: Injury and musculoskeletal disorders 62,880 33,790 96,670 91.3% 87.7% 90.0%
Diseases
Mental disorders 2,520 3,605 6,130 3.7% 9.4% 5.7%
Digestive system diseases 2,160 140 2,300 3.1% 0.4% 2.1%
Nervous system and sense organ diseases 600 515 1,110 0.9% 1.3% 1.0%
Skin and subcutaneous tissue diseases 305 125 430 0.4% 0.3% 0.4%
Other claims 185 105 290 0.3% 0.3% 0.3%
Infectious and parasitic diseases 170 120 290 0.2% 0.3% 0.3%
Respiratory system diseases 65 145 210 0.1% 0.4% 0.2%
Circulatory system diseases 65 30 95 0.1% 0.1% 0.1%
Other diseases 40 40 80 0.1% 0.1% 0.1%
Neoplasms (cancer) 35 5 35 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Total: Diseases 5,955 4,725 10,685 8.7% 12.3% 10.0%
Total: Serious claims 68,385 38,515 107,355 100% 100% 100%

Mechanism of injury or disease

The mechanism of injury or disease refers to the action, exposure or event that directly caused the most serious injury or disease experienced by the employee.

The mechanism that has showed the highest increase in the number of serious claims was being assaulted by one or more people, which more than doubled between 2000–01 and 2013–14 (from 1,105 to 2,270). The only other mechanisms that showed increases in the number of serious claims over the same period were falls on the same level (up 5%).

Number of serious claims by mechanism of injury or disease, 2000–01 to 2014−15p

Mechanism of injury or disease 2000-01 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 % chg* 2014-15
Body stressing 58,210 54,130 54,230 54,670 49,905 48,110 -17% 43,555
Muscular stress while lifting, carrying, or putting down objects 28,625 22,705 23,430 22,485 20,310 19,305 -33% 16,750
Muscular stress while handling objects other than lifting, carrying or putting down 18,840 20,115 19,970 20,515 19,360 18,790 0% 17,830
Muscular stress with no objects being handled 6,330 7,525 6,970 7,320 6,290 6,300 0% 5,570
Falls, trips & slips of a person 26,165 27,195 27,955 28,540 26,500 25,425 -3% 24,600
Falls on the same level 15,570 17,220 18,180 18,455 16,680 16,295 5% 15,685
Falls from a height 8,845 8,180 7,845 7,635 7,200 6,770 -23% 6,740
Being hit by moving objects 18,180 17,410 17,735 18,005 17,655 16,580 -9% 16,230
Being hit by falling objects 4,205 4,010 4,055 4,270 3,860 3,600 -14% 3,515
Being trapped between stationary and moving objects 2,480 2,580 2,485 2,510 2,420 2,355 -5% 2,245
Being trapped by moving machinery or equipment 2,145 1,355 1,420 1,440 1,295 1,065 -50% 905
Being assaulted by a person or persons 1,105 2,275 2,240 2,415 2,470 2,270 105% 2,265
Hitting objects with a part of the body 10,580 8,595 8,470 8,615 8,100 7,880 -26% 7,690
Hitting stationary objects 5,115 4,445 4,560 4,465 4,205 4,070 -20% 3,725
Hitting moving objects 5,315 4,070 3,820 4,060 3,830 3,725 -30% 3,910
Vehicle incidents & other 9,435 7,000 7,995 7,290 7,620 6,740 -29% 6,620
Vehicle accident 2,730 2,915 3,170 3,170 2,940 2,605 -5% 2,355
Mental stress 6,295 7,770 8,370 7,700 7,045 6,210 -1% 5,750
Heat, electricity and other environmental factors 1,955 1,665 1,660 1,795 1,670 1,585 -19% 1,540
Chemicals and other substances 1,540 1,110 1,135 1,175 1,040 935 -39% 820
Biological factors 605 385 450 375 360 380 -37% 400
Sound and pressure 150 130 175 180 150 125 -13% 145
Total serious claims 133,115 125,385 128,170 128,345 120,050 113,965 -14% 107,355

Bodily location of injury or disease

The bodily location refers to the part of the body most seriously affected by the most serious injury or disease experienced by the employee.

Major bodily locations that showed increases in the number of serious claims between 2000–01 and 2013–14 included the shoulder (up 17%), the lower leg (up 10%) and the knee (up 6%).

Number of serious claims by bodily location of injury or disease, 2000–01 to 2014−15p

Bodily location of injury or disease 2000-01 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 % chg 2014-15p
Upper limbs 43,070 41,230 42,605 43,270 41,015 38,870 -10% 37,150
Hand, fingers and thumb 17,630 15,175 15,635 15,500 14,845 14,095 -20% 14,190
Shoulder 10,660 12,720 13,050 13,720 13,010 12,450 17% 11,225
Wrist 6,125 5,940 6,280 6,045 5,655 5,335 -13% 4,945
Elbow 3,110 2,905 3,045 3,170 3,005 2,780 -11% 2,670
Forearm 2,165 1,885 1,890 2,030 1,865 1,595 -26% 1,605
Upper arm 1,145 1,085 1,155 1,150 1,080 1,070 -7% 1,005
Trunk 42,610 35,335 35,225 34,845 31,815 30,150 -29% 27,685
Back - upper or lower 35,280 28,695 28,740 28,415 25,955 24,770 -30% 22,680
Abdomen and pelvic Region 4,750 4,350 4,245 4,130 3,665 3,365 -29% 3,075
Chest (thorax) 2,350 2,050 2,010 2,055 1,980 1,790 -24% 1,715
Lower limbs 26,355 27,535 27,550 28,345 26,765 25,910 -2% 24 790
Knee 10,465 11,595 11,830 12,075 11,455 11,075 6% 10,615
Ankle 5,915 6,255 6,075 6,300 5,930 5,685 -4% 5,535
Foot and toes 4,545 4,170 4,175 4,335 4,055 3,975 -13% 3,795
Lower leg 2,245 2,735 2,725 2,755 2,515 2,470 10% 2,260
Upper leg 1,015 960 945 1,030 960 935 -8% 835
Hip 780 885 915 935 935 885 13% 830
Non-physical locations 6,610 8,225 8,835 8,365 7,685 6,685 1% 6 125
Head 3,765 3,450 3,650 3,680 3,600 3,390 -10% 3,395
Cranium 830 765 870 830 740 835 0% 925
Eye 1,155 985 985 995 975 865 -25% 840
Face, not elsewhere Specified 640 645 620 680 725 630 -1% 590
Nose 230 210 215 230 190 205 -11% 210
Mouth 135 170 190 185 205 150 11% 135
Ear 170 160 180 180 155 130 -22% 120
Multiple locations 6,185 5,960 6,560 5,910 5,585 5,455 -12% 4,975
Neck 3,705 2,745 2,825 2,915 2,550 2,495 -33% 2,170
Unspecified locations 160 350 350 590 640 600 275% 585
Systemic locations 655 565 565 425 380 400 -39% 435
Serious claims total 133,115 125,385 128,170 128,345 120,050 113,965 -14% 107,355

Breakdown agency of injury or disease

The breakdown agency refers to the object, substance or circumstance that was principally involved in, or most closely associated with, the point at which things started to go wrong and that ultimately led to the most serious injury or disease.

Between 2000–01 and 2013–14 the breakdown agencies that showed increases in the number of serious claims were animal, human and biological agencies (up 16%), materials and substances (up 6%) and environmental agencies (up 2%).

The largest falls over the same period were recorded for chemicals and chemical products (down 42%) and machinery and fixed plant (down 40%).

Number of serious claims by breakdown agency of injury or disease, 2000–01 to 2014–15p

Breakdown agency of injury or disease 2000-01 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 % chg* 2014-15p
Number of serious claims
Non-powered handtools, appliances and equipment 35,695 31,325 30,895 32,505 29,455 27,595 -23% 26,320
Environment agencies 18,070 19,405 19,475 21,015 19,480 18,350 2% 17,120
Materials and substances 14,835 15,365 15,330 16,935 16,040 15,650 6% 15,470
Animal, human and biologic agencies 13,965 16,545 16,550 17,235 16,875 16,150 16% 15,060
Other and unspecified agencies 22,025 18,240 21,665 14,380 13,920 13,525 -39% 15,555
Mobile plant and transport 11,455 11,475 11,505 12,425 11,860 11,235 -2% 10,295
Machinery and (mainly) fixed plant 9,300 6,125 6,025 6,565 5,935 5,590 -40% 5,075
Powered equipment, tools and appliances 6,380 6,020 5,796 6,305 5,635 5,065 -21% 4,740
Chemicals and chemical products 1,390 885 935 980 845 810 -42% 720
Total serious claims 133,115 125,385 128,170 128,345 120,050 113,965 -14% 107,355

This site is undergoing constant refinement. If you have noticed something that needs attention or have ideas for the site please let us know.

Last modified on Tuesday 21 November 2017 [2346|64921]