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In 2012–13, work-related injury and disease cost the Australian economy $61.8 billion, representing 4.1% of GDP.

  • The majority of the cost (95%) was borne by individuals and society.
    • Workers bore 77%, the community 18% and employers 5%.
  • Injuries accounted for $28 billion (45%) of the cost.

Breakdown of type of injury and illness

  • Over one third of the total number of cases and total economic cost for work-related injuries and illness were associated with body stressing or manual handling cases.
  • Causes that were more associated with disease cases such as sound and pressure, biological factors and mental stress, had a higher unit cost than those largely associated with injuries, such as falls and trips and body stressing.
  • While mental stress cases made up 2% of the total number of cases, they accounted for 5% of the total economic cost.

Mechanism

Total cost ($ million)

Distribution (%)

Unit cost

Injury

Disease

Total

Costs

Cases

$/case

Fall, trips and slips of a person

6,640

4,910

11,550

19

21

104,370

Hitting objects with part of the body

2,860

3,090

5,950

10

11

103,850

Being hit by objects

4,530

2,970

7,500

12

15

95,550

Sound and pressure

80

1,550

1,630

3

1

243,460

Body stressing

10,390

14,370

24,760

40

40

115,780

Heat, radiation and electricity

830

610

1,440

2

2

130,320

Chemicals and other substances

660

1,390

2,050

3

3

148,090

Biological factors

110

460

570

1

0

348,370

Mental stress

20

3,080

3,100

5

2

292,770

Other and unspecified mechanisms

2,120

1,100

3,220

5

5

125,100

Australia

28,240

33,530

61,770

100

100

116,580

a Units are rounded to the nearest $100 million

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Last modified on Thursday 29 June 2017 [1566|53081]