Xylene (mixed isomers; CAS 1330-20-7) is a natural component of petroleum and coal tar. It is colourless, flammable and has a sweet odour.

Examples of work activities involving xylene that may require special attention when assessing exposure include:

  • blending and distilling petrol
  • chemical, plastics and synthetic fibre manufacturing
  • printing, rubber and leather industries
  • cleaning
  • painting and paint production
  • furniture making and restoration
  • biomedical laboratory work
  • wood processing plant workers
  • automobile garage workers
  • metal workers
  • pesticide manufacturing
  • perfume manufacturing

This guide provides information for those registered medical practitioners engaged by a PCBU to carry out or supervise health monitoring for workers. This guidance should be read in conjunction with the following:

Health monitoring guide for registered medical practitioners

Health monitoring guides for hazardous chemicals

Health monitoring guide for workers

Health monitoring guide for persons conducting business or undertakings (PCBUs).

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