Fluorine (as F2) (CAS 7782-41-4) is a pale yellow gas at normal temperature with an odour similar to ozone. It is extremely reactive; organic and hydrogen-containing compounds may burn or explode when exposed to it. Due to its reactivity, fluorine gas rarely occurs in nature, with fluoride ion more commonly found.

The major occupational uses of fluorides are:

  • insecticides
  • floor polishes
  • petroleum
  • aluminium
  • glass and non-metal product etching
  • timber preservation
  • dietary supplement and toothpaste manufacture
  • water treatment
  • semiconductor industry
  • manufacture of chemicals, solvents and plastics for laundries
  • corrosion inhibitor
  • electroplating agents
  • flux agents for casting or joining
  • fixing agents
  • welding and soldering agents
  • drilling
  • metal extraction and refining
  • metal surface treatment

This guide provides information for those registered medical practitioners engaged by a PCBU to carry out or supervise health monitoring for workers. This guidance should be read in conjunction with the following:

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