Pure carbon disulfide (CAS 75-15-0) is a clear, colourless liquid that has a sweet, pleasant odour. It evaporates rapidly at room temperature, explodes and ignites easily. Impure carbon disulfide, generally used in industrial processes, is a yellowish liquid with an unpleasant odour like rotten radishes. It is a decomposition product of xanthates that are commonly used in mining.
Carbon disulfide is used in the manufacture of regenerated cellulose and cellophane. In Australia it is also used as a pig poison.
Workers in manufacturing plants using carbon disulfide have a higher risk of exposure and other persons in the vicinity of this work may also be exposed.
This guide provides information for those registered medical practitioners engaged by a PCBU to carry out or supervise health monitoring for workers. This guidance should be read in conjunction with the following: