Cadmium (CAS 7440-43-9) is a soft, silvery, ductile metal, chemically similar to zinc. It is used in batteries, pigments, coatings and platings, as a plastic stabiliser and in photovoltaic devices.

Examples of work activities involving cadmium and its compounds that require special attention include:

  • processes like welding, soldering, oxy-cutting and smelting
  • welding or oxy-cutting of cadmium alloy and cadmium plate
  • the use of cadmium-silver alloys for silver soldering or brazing
  • electroplating
  • manufacture of cadmium alloys
  • extraction of cadmium from mineral ore smelters
  • opening containers and weighing out cadmium powders
  • charging cadmium powders into process plant
  • grinding, discharging and packaging cadmium powders
  • working with nickel-cadmium batteries
  • manufacture and handling of paints and plastics containing cadmium pigments and the recycling of these plastics
  • textile production

This guide provides information for those registered medical practitioners engaged by a PCBU to carry out or supervise health monitoring for workers. This guidance should be read in conjunction with the following:

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