Benzene (CAS 71-43-2) is a clear, colourless, highly flammable liquid that has a sweet petroleum like odour. It is an aromatic hydrocarbon and is a natural component of crude and refined petroleum. Benzene can also be used as a solvent in manufacturing, paints, varnishes, lacquer thinners and gasoline.

Examples of work activities involving benzene that may require special attention when assessing exposure include:

  • refining operations
  • chemical manufacturing
  • handling, storage and transport of petrol
  • motor vehicle repair
  • plastics and rubber manufacturing
  • steel production
  • firefighting

This guide provides information for those registered medical practitioners engaged by a PCBU to carry out or supervise health monitoring for workers. This guidance should be read in conjunction with the following:

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